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Roles and Obligations of different actors
Topic Outline

The roles and obligations of different international actors will be understood by students and will also be considered in light of national contexts in order to grasp the problems, overlaps and levels of authority more fully. Some of the institutions and actors that will be considered include:

a) Anti-Corruption Authority

  • Mandate, functions, role (prosecution/prevention/education/awareness-raising)
  • Structure
  • Challenges (level of independence)



Academic Article:

Академия Генеральной прокуратуры РФ, , БЕЛАЯ КНИГА О ПРОТИВОДЕЙСТВИИ КОРРУПЦИИ, из главы 3 к главе 7, 2011, Academy of the General Prosecutor's Office, White Paper on Combating Corruption in Russia, Chapter 3 to 7, pp. 127- 317, 2011
Chêne, M., Coordination Mechanisms of Anti-Corruption Institutions, U4 Expert Answer, Chr. Michelsen Institute, September 2009
De Jaegere, S., Principles for Anti-Corruption Agencies, Jindal Journal of Public Journal, Vol. 1, No.1, August 2012
De Sousa, L., Anti-Corruption Agencies: Between Empowerment and Irrelevance, Crime Law and Social Change, Vol. 53, 2010, pp. 5-22
Head, B.W., The Contribution of Integrity Agencies to Good Governance, Policy Study, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2012, pp. 7-20
Heilbrunn, J.R., Anti-Corruption Commissions, Panacea or Real Medicine to Fight Corruption?, The World Bank Institute, 2004
Meagher, P., Anti-Corruption Agencies: Rhetoric versus Reality, The Journal of Policy Reform, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2005, pp. 69-103
Passas, N., Anti-Corruption Agencies and the Need for Strategic Approaches: A preface to this Special Issue, Crime Law and Social Change, Vol. 53, 2010, pp. 1-3
د.عبد الرسول عبد الرضا الاسدي، الدور الموزع لمكافحة الفساد في العراق ، كلية القانون – جامعة بابل، 20/9/2011

International Organisation:

USAID, Anti Corruption Agencies (ACAs): Anticorruption program Brief
OECD, Specialised Anti-Corruption Institutions. Review of Models, Anti Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 2008
UNDP, Practitioners' Guide: Capacity Assessment of Anti Corruption Agencies, October 2011
[Also available in Spanish and French]
Abed, George T. & Sanjeev Gupta. 2002. Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund.pp.49-53.


b) Business enterprises and corporate actors
  • Trade associations
  • Financial institutions
  • Accounting and Consulting Firms
  • Professional networks

[See also: Topic 8: Prevention of Corruption Corporate Governance]




c) Civil servants (public officials)



d) Parliaments/Parliamentarians

(check Sources of self-regulation and voluntary compliance mechanisms-Parliamentarian)

e) Judiciary

[See also Topic 7: Prevention of Corruption: Public Sector Governance]

f) Civil society organizations

  • Actors
  • Actions
  • Effects and limitations

[See also Topic 9: Prevention of Corruption: Civil Society and the Media]

g) Media/press

  • Awareness-raising
  • Investigative reporting
  • Responsible reporting
  • Corruption and the press
  • Visualizing concepts, issues, corruption and its effects

[See also Topic 9: Prevention of Corruption: Civil Society and the Media]



h) Multilateral and bilateral institutions

  • Regional and international organizations
  • Development agencie



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